Visakhapatnam of Andhra being HQ of Eastern Naval Command (one of India’s three major formations), exercises control over Bay of Bengal, co-ordinates fleet distributed among its bases of Kolkata, Chennai and Andaman among others.
Colombo, Singapore, Mumbai, Chennai, Male, Karachi, Chittagong, Gwadar, Chabahar, Diego Garcia, INS Kadamba.
These are the important ports in the Indian Ocean (even now, strategic). With the growing importance of the trade routes in Indian Ocean, obviously India is a major stake holder. As the trade routes are for catering the Chinese companies and industries, so here are our neighbors. And lastly, how can any conflict be complete without the Americans rising to the occasion.
For its inherent importance of being world’s important maritime trade route, Indian Ocean Region will be playing vital role in the future of Indian Sub-Continent. But, there is raising concern over Chinese domination of Indian Ocean Region.
Taking inspiration from today’s news:
In this series of articles on the stragtegically important ports, we’ll look at how each port is playing its role, be it in the present or in the future, and their implications on the maritime climate in the Indian Ocean.
INS Kadamba, Karwar, India.
India’s INS Kadamba base is located near Binaga Bay in Karnataka, India. Built amidst deep bays and hilly terrain, the base was first commissioned in May 2005 under the USD 561.6 million “Project Seabird.” The facility originally included a ship lift facility, harbor, anchorage, berthing facilities, and accommodation facilities. Several major ships are based out of INS Kadamba including the aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, which entered service in 2012.
In the Future
INS Kadamba is undergoing the second phase of Project Seabird which will see it transformed in 2017 & mid 2018. New additions to the facility include a new naval air station, a naval research institute, a transmission station, a naval weapon yard, and additional berthing facilities for 50 naval vessels. The new naval air station will have a 6,000 ft. runway and discussions are underway to plan an international airport. If all of the Project Seabird upgrades are completed, INS Kadamba will advance from India’s third largest to its largest military port.
INS Kadamba represents India’s increasing investment in its navy and power projection capabilities in the Indian Ocean. The modernized base will allow India to enhance its intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities via its new air station. India has many military ports along its coastline, but INS Kadamba is its most significant investment to date. The project suggests that while India may be looking and acting East in its foreign policy, its national security policy still largely faces west.
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Stay tuned for more analysis on each of the strategic ports, by our team.
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